Heart Disease Risk Factors You Can Change Health

New Delhi

Cardiovascular diseases are those that affect the heart and blood vessels and it is essential to identify the symptoms and lifestyle habits that can increase the chances of suffering from a heart attack as they serve as risk factors. Although some of these risk factors are modifiable, others are not under our control.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Bipinchandra Bhamre, consultant cardiac surgeon at Sir HN Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Center in Mumbai, shared, “Some of the traditional risk factors associated with heart attacks include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes. Are included. And being overweight or obese. Additionally, there are many other factors that can increase the risk of having a heart attack. These include having a family history of early heart disease. High cholesterol levels, metabolic syndrome, chronic kidney disease, chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or psoriasis as well as HIV/AIDS infection. A history of preeclampsia during pregnancy or experiencing early menopause are also considered additional risks for heart attack.

He further said, “Another factor often ignored is air pollution. Long-term exposure to pollutants such as particulate matter has been linked to several adverse health effects, including an increased risk of heart disease. Particulate matter can enter the bloodstream through inhalation and cause inflammatory reactions within blood vessels, leading to plaque formation and arterial stiffness. Addressing sleep patterns has received increased attention as research suggests that poor quality or inadequate sleep may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease through a variety of mechanisms, including altered metabolism and increased inflammation.

Risk factors you can change:

The health expert revealed, “Tobacco consumption is a significant threat to cardiovascular health as it is closely linked to heart attacks and strokes. The presence of nicotine in cigarettes and e-cigarettes causes faster heartbeat and increases blood pressure levels. Additionally, smoking increases the chances of blood clots forming and also promotes the development of arterial plaque. In particular, even individuals who do not smoke themselves have an increased risk of heart disease due to exposure to smoke.”

Dr. Bipinchandra Bhamre concluded, “Although some risk factors such as age and family history cannot be changed, lifestyle choices play an important role in determining a person’s susceptibility to cardiovascular disease. Managing chronic stress levels, prioritizing adequate sleep hygiene, and paying attention to air quality are important steps toward maintaining a healthy heart.

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