Diabetes, a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels, can have profound effects on various organs, including the eyes. Diabetes-related eye complications are a significant concern, but with proper care, you can reduce the risk of vision loss.
Effective eye care is important for individuals with diabetes to prevent vision loss. Regular eye checkups, blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle are key. Manage blood sugar levels, stay active and quit smoking. With proper care, you can protect your vision and enjoy a better quality of life.
Here are some essential tips shared by Dr. Swati Agarwal, Kolkata-based Director and Consultant Eye Surgeon and Practo for best eye care if you are suffering from diabetes.
1. Regular Eye Examination: Schedule an annual comprehensive eye exam with an ophthalmologist or optometrist who specializes in diabetic eye care. These examinations can detect early signs of eye complications such as diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma, allowing timely intervention.
2. Maintain Healthy Blood Sugar Levels: It is important to keep your blood sugar within a target range to prevent diabetic eye problems. Monitor your blood sugar levels frequently, follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations, and make necessary lifestyle adjustments such as a balanced diet and regular exercise.
3. Control Blood Pressure and Cholesterol: High blood pressure and cholesterol levels can increase diabetes-related eye problems. Work with your health care team to manage these factors through medication, diet, and lifestyle changes.
4. Stop Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of diabetes-related eye complications. Quitting smoking can help improve blood circulation in the eyes and reduce the chance of vision problems.
5. Manage Your A1C Levels: The A1C test shows your average blood sugar level over the past few months. Aim to keep your A1C level within the target range recommended by your healthcare provider to protect your eyes.
6. Monitor vision changes: Note any changes in your vision, such as blurry or distorted vision, floaters, or difficulty seeing in low light. Report any abnormalities to your eye specialist immediately.
7. Medication Adherence: If your doctor prescribes medications or eye drops to manage diabetic eye conditions, be careful about taking them as directed.
8. Healthy Lifestyle Choices: Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and engaging in regular physical activity. These habits can help control your diabetes and overall eye health.
9. Stay informed: Stay informed about the latest developments in diabetes eye care and treatment options by attending educational sessions and workshops related to diabetes management.